**CMA Foundation Syllabus 2020**

**Fundamentals of Business Mathematics**

**Section A (Fundamentals of Business Mathematics)**

**Ratio and Proportion**

Ratio, Types of Ratio ,Compounded Ratio, Duplicate Ratio, Sub Duplicate Ratio, Triplicate Ratio, Inverse Ratio, Reciprocal Ratio, Continued Ratio, Comparison of Ratio, Proportion, Cross Product Rules, Inverse Proportion, Continuous Proportion, Properties of Proportion,

**Interest & Annuity**

Simple Interest, Compound Interest , Sinking Fund, Annuity,

**Indices**

Index, Base, Properties of Indices

**Logarithm**

Logarithm, Laws of Logarithm, Base, Chang of Base, Common Logarithm, Antilogarithm, Characteristics, Mantissa, Logarithmic Table, Antilogarithm Table.

**Permutation & Combination**

Principle of Counting, Permutation, Factorial, Circular Permutation, Combination, Restrictive Permutation, Restrictive Combination.

**Sequence & Series**

Sequence, Series, Arithmetic Progression, Arithmetic Mean, Geometric Progression, Geometric Mean

**Equation**

Roots of Equation, Linear Equation, Quadratic Equation, Cubic Equation

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